Curriculum Vitae

Carol Gevecker Graves, Ph.D.


 

Dr. Graves is a biostatistician with over 30 years of broad experience in human health, environmental, and epidemiologic applications. Her environmental consulting and risk assessment experience includes exposure assessment, conceptual site modeling, probabilistic (Monte Carlo) analysis, air and lead modeling, Risk-Based Corrective Action (RBCA), regulatory analysis, litigation support, and data analysis. She has conducted numerous multimedia risk assessments at a wide variety of sites and has successfully communicated risk results to the public. She has performed complex air modeling and statistical data analyses. Dr. Graves is retired from The Sapphire Group where she applied her expertise to various human health risk worldwide. Before TSG Dr. Graves was a senior scientist and managed the Washington, D.C., Branch office of EA Engineering Science and Technology . Before coming to EA, Dr. Graves managed the consultant group that analyzed water and air quality data for the President's Council on Environmental Quality. At the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Dr. Graves was responsible for data analysis on studies of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and of military exposure to microwaves, focusing on familial aspects in both studies. 
 

Education:

Ph.D.; The Johns Hopkins University; Biostatistics; Baltimore, MD; 1975
M.L.A.; The Johns Hopkins University; Liberal Arts; Baltimore, MD; 1969
A.B.; Drury College; Mathematics and English; Springfield, MO; 1962

Honors and Awards:

U.S. Public Health Service Predoctoral Traineeship; 1970-1975

Training:

EA Sales Training, 22 October 1997
EA Project Manager Training, 26-27 April 1991 and 21-22 September 1997
Society for Risk Analysis Workshop on Interval Analysis/Fuzzy Arithmetic, 4 December 1994
Society for Risk Analysis Workshop on Radiation Risk Assessment, 5 December 1993
EPA/University of Virginia Workshop on Probabilistic Methods, 19-21 April 1993
EA Expert Witness Training Course, 20-21 July 1990

Experience:

Management-Managed EA's Washington, D.C., Branch, a $2 million endeavor with clients from government, trade associations, and industry. Unique expertise in branch includes energy technologies/alternative fuels and health/risk sciences. Project management has included human health and ecological risk assessment to determine impacts of Andrews AFB operation on Piscataway Creek. Managed multi-media human health risk assessment at Lake City Army Ammunition Plant involving many sites and pathways. Managed a multi-agency project for the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). This project had a $1.5 million annual budget, a staff of 30 environmental scientists, health scientists, computer programmers, and support personnel, and included 15 subprojects for 10 Federal agencies.
 

Health Effects/Risk Assessment-Evaluated human health risk for the Alexander, Egypt sewage treatment facility for USAID. Managed risk assessments for former and active landfill sites, contaminated industrial areas, fuel oil leaks and gasoline spills, and PCB contaminated areas. Evaluated risks of Army's Chemical Demilitarization Program from citizen's point of view. Managed risk assessments at Mechanicsburg, PA, Naval Inventory Control Point and New Cumberland, PA, Army Depot, and testified for these projects. Analyzed the human health effects of chlordane and heptachlor and examined the regulatory environment concerning these compounds as part of an extensive environmental audit for a large corporate transfer. Developed screening levels based on concentrations associated with health effects to determine acceptable levels of pesticides in drinking water and developed a monitoring protocol using these levels. Performed exposure assessments for multiple sites at Bethlehem Steel Corp. and for a recreational site in New Jersey.
 

Health Data Analysis--Commented on statistical and epidemiological aspects of EPA's proposed cancer guidelines. Reviewed epidemiology on the association between byproducts of drinking water chlorination and cancer and reproductive/development effects. Managed data and data analysis for multiphase study of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), their families, and neighborhood and occupational controls, focusing on familial aspects of COPD. Analyzed data from study of military exposure to microwaves and resulting health effects to military personnel and their offspring.
 

Regulatory Review--Reviewed statistical and epidemiological aspects of EPA's Proposed Cancer Guidelines and discovered error in program used by EPA to calculate the cancer slope factor. Provided scientific evaluation of proposed rules including critique of epidemiologic evidence on the association of environmental tobacco smoke and cancer for OSHA's proposed rule on indoor air quality and on the association of drinking water disinfection and cancer and reproductive/developmental effects for EPA's proposed rule on disinfection byproducts. Reviewed statistical evidence supporting ambient water quality criteria. Developed a database to derive ambient water quality criteria for ammonia in estuarine waters. Reviewed several technical support documents and supplied comments for clients to submit.
 

Air Toxics--Conducted screening and complex air dispersion modeling. Assisted hospital and industrial clients to achieve compliance with Maryland Air Toxics Regulations through air modeling and air toxics exposure assessment.
 

Data Analysis--Oversaw conversion of multi-year, multi-contractor Three Mile Island data into integrated SAS database. Analyzed data from various biological disciplines to determine similarities and differences between stations, over time, or other factors. Analyzed impingement and entrainment studies. Developed automated procedure to produce control charts for USATHAMA analytical chemistry data and EA toxicological data. Worked with EPA's acute toxicity data to develop alternate approaches to the statistical aspects of water quality criteria development for the Utilities Water Act Group (UWAG). 
 

Professional Affiliations:

Society for Risk Analysis, 1987-present
International Society of Exposure Analysis, 1998
Women's Council on Energy and the Environment, 1997-present
American Association of University Women, 1986-present. MD Educational Foundation VP, 1994-96, Maryland State President 2000-02.

Expanded Experience by Discipline:

Management--In addition to project management, Dr. Graves has had two major management assignments. They are

• Managing Human health risk under contract to USAID for the Alexander, Egypt  sewage treatment plant, 1996 & 1997.

• Managing EA's Washington, D.C., Branch, 1993-1997

• Managing the UPGRADE Project for the President's Council on Environmental Quality, 1981-1983
 

Health Effects/Risk Assessment--Dr. Graves has conducted and managed a wide variety of risk assessments concentrating on the exposure assessment and risk characterization components of risk assessment. She performed both screening and complex air modeling to calculate exposure point concentrations for inhalation, and she performs probabilistic analyses (e.g., Monte Carlo analysis) to quantify risk. Representative health effects/risk assessment projects include:

• Assessed human health impacts from an upgrade to the sewage treatment system in Alexandria, Egypt.

• Managed human and ecological risk assessments for Piscataway Creek at Andrews AFB, MD.

• Multi-media, multi-site assessments of health and ecological effects at Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, MO.

• Evaluated risks of Army's Chemical Demilitarization Program from citizen's point of view, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, MD.

• Conducted and managed risk assessments at the Naval Inventory Control Point, Mechanicsburg, PA.

• Conducted risk assessment for children playing soccer at March Run Park, New Cumberland Army Depot, PA.

• Analyzed health effects of chlordane and heptachlor as part of extensive due diligence for a large corporate transfer.

• Developed screening levels based on health effects for pesticides in water for a pine seedling nursery in Florida.

• Managed project team doing Public Health Assessment data gap audits for five U.S. Air Force Air Combat Command bases.

• Contributed to risk assessment of a fuel oil leak in a residential area of Andrews Air Force Base, MD.

• Assessed human health risks for several sites involving mercury and thiocarbamates at Cold Creek Swamp in Alabama for Akzo Chemicals and ICI Americas.

• Conducted health assessment of discharges to Bayou Trepagnier from an oil refinery for Shell Oil Company, Norco, LA.

• Performed risk assessments on two landfills at Fort Meade, MD.

• Conducted early risk assessment at a former manufactured gas plant for Baltimore Gas and Electric Co., MD.
 

Health Data Analysis--Dr. Graves began her career analyzing data and displaying and communicating statistical results. Her data analysis experience includes:

• Commented on statistical and epidemiological aspects of EPA's proposed cancer guidelines. 

• Reviewed epidemiology on the association between byproducts of drinking water chlorination and cancer and reproductive/development effects. 

• Managed data and data analysis for multiphase study of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), their families, and neighborhood and occupational controls, focusing on familial aspects of COPD. 

• Analyzed data from study of military exposure to microwaves and resulting health effects to military personnel and their offspring.
 

Regulatory Review --Dr. Graves has performed a number of regulatory review tasks including statistical analysis and review of epidemiological data for the following projects. 

• Reviewed statistical and epidemiological aspects of EPA's Proposed Cancer Guidelines and discovered error in program used by EPA to calculate the cancer slope factor for a law firm in MO and for the Oxygenated Fuels Association.

• Provided scientific evaluation of proposed rules including critique of epidemiologic evidence on the association of environmental tobacco smoke and cancer for OSHA's proposed rule on indoor air quality for a law firm.

• Reviewed epidemiological evidence on the association of drinking water disinfection and cancer and reproductive/developmental effects for EPA's proposed rule on disinfection byproducts for the Chlorine Chemistry Council. 

• Reviewed statistical evidence supporting ambient water quality criteria for several trade associations. 

• Developed a database to derive ambient water quality criteria for ammonia in estuarine waters for Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Baltimore, MD. 
 

Air Toxics/Air Modeling--Dr. Graves conducted screening and complex air dispersion modeling as well as the health effects exposure analysis to assist clients in achieving compliance with the Maryland Air Toxics and other regulations including: 

• Air modeling to support a PSD application for a proposed municipal solid waste incinerator for Texmar Energy Systems, Baltimore, MD.

• Compliance with Maryland Air Toxics Regulations for Sinai Hospital, Baltimore, MD; Baltimore County General Hospital, Randallstown, MD; Monarch Manufacturing Inc., Belcamp, MD; Southern Maryland Hospital Center, Clinton, MD; Procter and Gamble, Baltimore, MD; G. Heileman Brewery, Baltimore, MD; Stone Industrial, College Park, MD; and W.R. Grace in Curtis Bay, Baltimore, MD.

• Reviewed application of EPA's Hazardous Air Pollutant Exposure Model (HAPEM) to mobile sources for the American Petroleum Institute.

• Evaluated particulate emissions from a coal loading facility in Curtis Bay, Baltimore, MD, for CSX Corporation.

• Performed air dispersion modeling to support air permit applications to operate various heating plant boilers for Loring Air Force Base, ME.
 

Data Analysis--Dr. Graves performed data analysis using a variety of statistical tools including SAS. She has carried out analyses ranging from descriptive, exploratory data analyses through complex regression analysis including complex graphical data display. Representative data analysis projects include:

• Oversaw conversion of multi-year, multi-contractor Three Mile Island data into integrated SAS database for GPU, a major utility in PA. 

• Analyzed data from various biological disciplines to determine similarities and differences between stations, over time, or other factors. 

• Analyzed impingement and entrainment studies for various sites for Baltimore Gas and Electric Co., Baltimore, MD.

• Developed automated procedure to produce control charts for USATHAMA analytical chemistry data and EA toxicological data.

• Worked with EPA's acute toxicity data to develop alternate approaches to the statistical aspects of water quality criteria development for the Utilities Water Act Group (UWAG) and Hunton and Williams. 
 

Technical Support of Litigation:
 

Testimony before the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania on behalf of the U.S. Naval Inventory Control Point, Mechanicsburg, PA, on health effects and risk associated with PCB and other compounds detected in the Stormwater Drainage Ditch, 12 March 1990.
 

Testimony before the Maryland Tax Court on behalf of Harford County on health effects and exposure to trihalomethanes allegedly attributed to Scarboro Landfill, 23 October 1991.
 

EA Project Experience:
 

Project Title--Alexandria, Egypt, Waste Water Treatment Project

Client Name--USAID, Cairo, Egypt

Project Dates--1996-1997

Title/Role--Assessed human health impacts from proposed enhancements to the Alexandria, Egypt, waste water treatment system. 

Duties--Considered disease and mortality rates, accidental and transportation exposures, and special impact to children and infants. Contributed to decision on final alternative in Environmental Assessment.

Innovation--Observed waste water treatment system from every section of Alexandria through open drain system to treatment plants to disposal of sewage sludge and discharge of effluent to Lake Maryout and the Mediterranean Sea. 
 

Project Title--Comments on EPA's Proposed Cancer Guidelines 

Client Names--Chlorine Chemistry Council, Oxygenated Fuels Association, Shook, Hardy & Bacon

Project Dates--1996-1997

Title/Role--Critically reviewed statistical and epidemiological aspects of EPA's Proposed Cancer Guidelines

Duties--Reviewed EPA's proposed Cancer Guidelines and assisted in application of new guidelines to the hazard characterization and risk assessment of chloroform.

Innovation--Discovered error in program used by EPA to calculate the cancer slope factor. 
 

Project Title--Lake City Army Ammunition Plant Risk Assessment

Client Name--USATHAMA, Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, Missouri

Project Dates--1992-1995

Title/Role--Managed remedial investigation human health risk assessments for Area 18, Northeast Corner, Installation-wide, and Area 8 Operable Units. 

Duties--Developed exposure scenarios for soil, air, ground- and surface water media. Modeled air concentrations from volatile compounds in water during showering and construction. Modeled fugitive dust concentrations for multiple activities. Modeled concentrations in deer and beef cattle. Negotiated conceptual site models with regulatory agencies. Used probabilistic techniques to quantify risk. Calculated preliminary remediation goals for feasibility study.

Innovation--Captured deer and measured concentrations in tissue and liver and compared to modeled tissue concentrations.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment on Site 1, Carter Road Landfill

Client Name--Naval Ships Parts Control Center, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania

Project Dates--1994-1996

Title/Role--Oversaw risk assessment of current and future uses of a former land fill site.
 

Project Title--Comments on EPA's Proposed Rule on Disinfection Byproducts.

Client Name--Chlorine Institute, Washington, D.C.

Project Dates--1994

Title/Role--Reviewed epidemiology on the association between byproducts of drinking water chlorination and cancer and reproductive/development effects.
 

Project Title--Comments on OSHA's Proposed Rule on Indoor Air Quality

Client Name--Shook, Hardy, and Bacon, Kansas City, Missouri

Project Dates--1994-1995

Title/Role--Managed review of OSHA's Proposed Rule on Indoor Air Quality

Project Role--Reviewed epidemiology of the association between environmental tobacco smoke and cancer relating to OSHA's proposed ban on smoking in the workplace. Reviewed meta-analysis.Innovation--Developed a model Indoor Air Quality standard to address deficiencies in the proposed rule.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment for Piscataway Creek, Andrews AFB, Maryland

Client Name--U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas

Project Dates--1993

Title/Role--Project Manager

Duties--Managed project to assess human health and ecological impact on Piscataway Creek of current operations and past disposal practices at Andrews AFB. Responsible for work, sampling, health and safety and quality assurance plans. Conducted human health risk assessment including exposure via irrigation of crops with surface water.

Innovation--Measured tissue concentrations in strawberries from fields irrigated from Piscataway Creek and in fish from the creek itself.
 

Project Title--Public Health Assessment Data Gap Audits for Air Force Bases

Client Name--U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas

Project Dates--1993

Title/Role--Project Manager

Duties--Managed project team visiting Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ, Langley AFB, VA, Dyess AFB, TX, and Fairchild AFB, WA, to evaluate bases for possible data gaps pertinent to ATSDR Public Health Assessments.

Innovation--Assisted Air Force to be proactive and anticipate ATSDR comments before they visited bases. Enabled Air Force to include ATSDR sampling requirements in sampling being carried out to address EPA concerns.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment at Family Housing Unit UST Leak at Andrews AFB, Maryland

Client Name--U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas

Project Dates--1992

Title/Role--Contributed to risk assessment of fuel oil leak in residential area. Assessment included both acute and long-term health risk. Developed sampling plan for air, soil, surface water, and sediment.
 

Project Title--Review of ATSDR Health Assessment for Otis AFB, Massachusetts

Client Name--U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas

Project Dates--1992

Title/Role--Evaluated epidemiology studies used by ATSDR to assess impact of Otis AFB operations. Determined that studies showed no correlation with Otis activities.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment for Cold Creek Swamp, Alabama

Client Name--Akzo Chemicals and ICI Americas 

Project Dates--1990-1994

Title/Role--Managed human health risk assessments of swamp.

Duties--Assessed human exposure and toxicity from discharges from chemical manufacturers, and concluded that there is not a human health problem. Onsite risk assessments included Halby Pond area, two filled neutralization ponds, and the tributary running through the site. Principal compounds of concern were mercury and thiocarbamates. Provided technical support to client on presentation of results to EPA.
 

Project Title--Review of Application of HAPEM to Mobile Sources

Client Name--American Petroleum Institute

Project Dates--1992

Title/Role--Critiqued application of EPA's Hazardous Air Pollutant Exposure Model (HAPEM) to mobile sources. Suggested that CO is not an adequate surrogate for benzene and other volatile compounds found in fuels.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment of Impacts of Petroleum Refinery, Norco, Louisiana

Client Name--Shell Oil Company

Project Dates--1990-1992, 1997

Title/Role--Conducted human health risk assessment of area impacted by discharges to Bayou Trepagnier from oil refinery. Concluded that only human health risk was from lead in soil resulting from dredging of the bayou. 

Innovation--Wrote White Paper explaining site-specific exposure assumptions and including a sensitivity analysis showing that all exposure assumptions could be doubled and risk would still be acceptable.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment at Two Landfills

Client Name--USATHAMA, Fort Meade, Maryland

Project Dates--1990-1992

Title/Role--Managed risk assessment under current and future land uses for active sanitary landfill and clean fill dump in areas scheduled for base closure. Ground water at this site involved multiple aquifers.
 

Project Title--Evaluation of Particulate Emissions from Coal Loading Facility

Client Name--CSX Transportation

Project Dates--1991

Title/Role--Managed project to assess health impact of coal loading operations in Curtis Bay area of Baltimore. Assisted with air sampling plan and conducted air dispersion modeling. Authored project report.
 

Project Title--Air Modeling to Support Air Permits, Loring AFB, Maine

Client Name--U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas

Project Dates--1991

Title/Role--Managed project and carried out air dispersion modeling to support an air permit application to operate various heating plant boilers. Conducted screening modeling and complex terrain modeling according to guidance from the State of Maine.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment for Ground Air Transmitter Site, Eglin AFB, Florida

Client Name--U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas

Project Dates--1990-1991

Title/Role--Conducted human health and ecological risk assessment for former location of a transmitter which had leaked PCB. Made recommendations for further remediation.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment of Former Hastings Dry Cleaners, Dover, Delaware

Client Name--Delaware Department of Transportation

Project Dates--1990-1994

Title/Role--Assessed risk under baseline conditions and during construction for a former dry cleaners facility with extensive VOC contamination. Incorporated data from soil vapor analysis into models to determine ambient air concentrations.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment at Annapolis Landfill

Client Name--City of Annapolis, Maryland

Project Dates--1990-1991

Title/Role--Managed risk assessment at a municipal landfill. Assessment included potential exposure from soil, surface water, and groundwater (multiple aquifers).
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment at Marsh Run Park, New Cumberland, Pennsylvania

Client Name--U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha District

Project Dates--1989-1990

Title/Role--Led risk assessment study for RI/FS. Developed exposure scenarios including children actively playing on former landfill site. Participated in public meeting to present risk assessment.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment on Mechanicsburg Drainageway

Client Name--U.S. Navy, Naval Inventory Control Point, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania

Project Dates--1988-1990

Title/Role--Managed risk assessment for RI/FS. Responsible for exposure assessment, air dispersion modeling, and risk characterization. Primary concern was PCB. Testified before Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania.

Innovation--Developed air modeling to determine air concentrations in playing fields emanating from floor of ditch 10-20 feet below level of fields.
 

Project Title--Human Health Evaluation for Property Transfer, Bethlehem Steel

Client Name--Baltimore County

Project Dates--1988

Title/Role--Managed risk assessment at multiple industrial sites scheduled for transfer of ownership and subsequent industrial development. Project had very tight schedule and much public scrutiny.
 

Project Title--Community Review Support Study

Client Name--U.S. Army, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

Project Dates--1987

Title/Role--Conducted assessment of impacts of incinerating mustard gas in Edgewood area as part of the Army's Chemical Demilitarization Program. Evaluated program plans from citizen's point of view. Carried out air dispersion modeling.
 

Project Title--Risk Assessment at Former Coal Gasification Facility

Client Name--Baltimore Gas and Electric

Project Dates--1985-1986

Title/Role--Conducted assessment of risk at former manufactured gas plant. Conclusions of first assessment lead to subsequent soil, air, surface and groundwater monitoring. Later assessment lead to extensive remediation activities at site.
 

Other Project Experience:
 

Project Title--Project Manager

Client Name--President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ)

Project Dates--1978-1982

Title/Role--Managed multi-agency project with a $1.5 million annual budget, a staff of 30 environmental scientists, health scientists, computer programmers, and support personnel. Project included 15 subprojects for 10 Federal agencies. Supervised development of English language statistical and graphical analysis system called UPGRADE. Redesigned user interface, designed statistical procedures, and wrote User's Manual and Data Dictionary. Designed easy-to-use system to access water quality databases, select parameters, and create data sets for use with statistical packages for USGS. Designed and supervised development of system to access data on mortality by age, sex, race, county, and cause of death for over 20 million deaths for FDA. Performed short- and long-term trend analyses of air and water quality for CEQ annual reports and analyzed data on the contribution of waterways to heavy metal load of estuaries. Analyzed nationwide county level data for correlations between environmental and occupational factors and chronic health problems for EPA and FDA.
 

Project Title--Study Coordinator

Client Name--National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Project Dates--1976-1978

Title/Role--While at Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health and Hygiene, managed data and data analysis for multiphase study of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, their families, and neighborhood and occupational controls. Wrote computer programs to manage and display data. Prepared extensive data tables and graphs.
 

Employment History:
 

Years of EA Experience:15 

Years W/Other Firms:16 
 

Employer--The Sapphire Group

Dates of Employment--1997-2005

Title--Senior Scientist

Employer--EA Engineering, Science, and Technology

Dates of Employment--1983-1997

Title--Manager, Washington, D.C., Branch, 1993-1997

Title--Senior Scientist, Health Sciences Group, 1988-1997

Title--Biostatistician, 1983-1988
 

Employer--CSR, Inc.

Dates of Employment--1982-1983

Title--Project Manager, Alcohol Epidemiology Data System
 

Employer--MA/COM Sigma Data Computing Corporation

Dates of Employment--1978-1982

Title--Project Manager, President's Council on Environmental Quality
 

Employer--Johns Hopkins University, Department of Epidemiology

Dates of Employment--1976-1978

Title--Research Associate
 

Employer--Ecological Analysts, Inc.

Dates of Employment--1975-1976

Title--Statistical Consultant
 

Employer--Johns Hopkins University, Department of Biostatistics

Dates of Employment--1970-1975

Title--Predoctoral Trainee/Graduate Student
 

Employer--Johns Hopkins University, Department of Environmental Engineering

Dates of Employment--1968-1970

Title--Computer Programmer (Part-time)
 

Employer--Johns Hopkins University, Department of Social Relations

Dates of Employment--1964-1966

Title--Computer Programmer (Part-time)
 

Employer--Baltimore County Board of Education, Towson High School

Dates of Employment--1962

Title--Mathematics Teacher
 

List of Skills:
 

• Assessment

• Chemicals/Risk Assessment

• Drinking Water Regulations

• Expert Testimony

• Exposure/Dose Response/Risk Assessment

• Federal Agency (ATSDR) Public Health Assessments

• Human Health/Risk Assessment

• Human Health Risk Assessment/Hazardous Waste

• Occupational/Risk Assessment

• Probabilistic (Monte Carlo) Risk Assessment

• Radiation Risk Assessment

• Remedial Investigations/Feasibility Studies (RI/FS)

• Risk Management

• Risk Communication

• Sewage Sludge Risk Assessment 

• Superfund Investigations 
 

Specialization List
 

• Health Effects 

• Risk Assessment

• Exposure Assessment 

• Expert Witness Testimony

• Management/Project Management

• Biostatistics

• Epidemiology 

Dr. Carol G. Graves Publication List